From birth to 11 every time your child repeats an action or a skill the brain creates neural connections that over time become a neural pathway. Similar to how a path is formed by walking down it often, the skills your child builds by repetition are hardwired into the brain. These pathways become the skill set foundation of who your child is as a person.
The Pruning Process
At 11 the brain begins pruning any connections that are not being used. Neurologists call this the “use it or lose it phase” which makes room for new connections. It is vital that your child has established solid communication skills by this point. After this stage it is harder to learn these skills, and possibly why 3/4 adults are petrified of public speaking and say they have been since childhood.